There are many reasons to finish a basement in your house. Finishing a basement turns storage space into living space, and increases your house’s value. While finishing a basement may seem like an overwhelming process at first, it doesn’t have to be difficult – these steps will tell you just how to finish a basement.
Before you finish your basement, you need to make sure that your basement is waterproof – otherwise all of your work may quickly go to waste. Look for holes in the foundation and gaps between the wall and the floor where water may come in. You should completely seal all of the holes and gaps, and then coat the basement walls with a waterproof sealer to complete the waterproofing process. Make sure that you take your time in waterproofing your basement so that you won’t have to deal with headaches after your basement is finished.
Plan the Layout
Before you begin the project, you will want to have a plan for exactly what the end product should be. Are you looking to create an extra room and bathroom, or will your basement involve a more complex design?
When you plan your basement’s new layout, try to work with the existing layout. If your basement has a largely open floor plan, then you may have free access to design the basement any way that you want. But if your basement already has some existing walls, then you will want to take advantage of them if possible – removing walls can turn finishing your basement into a much larger, more involved, and more expensive project.
It is also in your best interest to use any existing plumbing or electrical wiring that is in place when you decide how to finish a basement. If you will be including a bathroom in the basement, then locating it where plumbing already exists can help reduce costs and complications.
Find Out About Permits
Understanding the permits involved is an important part of knowing how to finish a basement. Many basement finishing projects require permits. Inspections may be necessary for electrical and plumbing work, and if the basement includes a bedroom, then your planned construction must meet all building codes.
Frame Your Basement
The first stage of actual construction will be framing your basement to establish the basis for the walls. Framing isn’t particularly difficult to do, though you will need to come up with a method to secure the frame into the walls and floors of your basement. Since basement floors are often concrete, be sure to use a powerful fastener that can securely hold the framing in place.
Install Plumbing and Electrical Components
Now is the time to have all of the plumbing and electrical work done in your basement, since the walls are still easily accessible. The amount of plumbing and electrical work that you need to do will differ depending on the basement that you’re working with and your specific plans, but typical work includes adding recessed ceiling lighting, increasing the number of and location of electrical outlets, and installing plumbing for the bathroom sink and toilet.
Install Insulation and Drywall
Once the plumbing and electrical work is completed, you can move ahead in finishing your basement walls. You may wish to install insulation in the walls to help reduce heating costs. If you’re on the fence about installing insulation, then it is best to go ahead and do so while you are finishing your basement – installing additional insulation after your basement is finished will be more expensive.
Hanging, mudding, and taping the drywall is a process that requires some patience and finesse to get a good result. This may be an area where you want to bring in a skilled builder to ensure that you get the finished product that you’re looking for.
Add Finishing Touches
At this point, the majority of the finishing work is complete. Now is the time to bring in appliances, carpeting, and flooring. Hanging doors, painting, and installing final furnishings will bring your project to its completion.
It’s important that you know how to finish your basement before you begin the project. If you’re planning to finish your basement and would like help with the process, call the Bailey Company at 417-887-6177. We’re a premium construction company and are happy to help you finish your basement.
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